Klang Valley Integrated Transit System
In summary, the Klang Valley Integrated Transit System consists of the following rail systems that operate seamlessly together; KLIA Ekspres, KLIA Transit, MRT, LRT, KTM Komuter and KL Monorail. Currently there are 10 fully operating rail lines in Klang Valley; 2 commuter rail lines, 5 rapid transit lines, and 2 airport rail links to Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) and another one to Subang Airport. The railway operators in Klang Valley are:
Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB)
- KTM Komuter – Seremban Line
- KTM Komuter – Port Klang Line
- KTM Terminal Skypark Link
KTM Komuter is a commuter rail service brand in Malaysia operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM). It was introduced in 1995 to provide local rail services in Kuala Lumpur and the surrounding suburban areas in the Klang Valley.
The two lines of KTM Komuter in Klang Valley are Seremban Line (Batu Caves – Tampin) and Port Klang Line (Tg. Malim – Port Klang). A total of 55 KTM Komuter stations are located in the Klang Valley region, and transfers between the two lines can be done KL Sentral, Kuala Lumpur and Putra stations.
The Skypark Link is a train service that connects you to the Skypark Terminal Subang Airport. It provides more than 30 trips per day at 60 minutes intervals. Two main routes (vice-versa) are:
- KL Sentral – Skypark Terminal (26km travel distance)
- Subang Jaya – Skypark Terminal (9km travel distance)
Rapid Rail Sdn Bhd (Rapid Rail)
- MRT Kajang Line
- LRT Kelana Jaya Line
- LRT Ampang Line
- LRT Sri Petaling Line
- KL Monorail
MRT Kajang Line connects you to Sungai Buloh (northwest of KL) and Kajang (southeast of KL) through its 51 km route. It comprises of a 41.5 km elevated guideway with 24 stations and 9.5 km tunnel segment with 7 underground stations. The MRT SBK Line also integrates 7 locations / stations with existing rail lines and 16 stations equipped with park & ride facilities. Train frequency during peak hours is every 4 minutes.
The LRT line consists of three lines; Kelana Jaya Line, Ampang Line and Sri Petaling Line. The three lines are integrated at Masjid Jamek Station and Putra Height Station (Kelana Jaya Line and Sri Petaling Line).
Kelana Jaya Line runs from Putra Heights through Kelana Jaya to Gombak, serving the Subang Jaya and Petaling Jaya regions to the south; southwest and central Kuala Lumpur, and Kuala Lumpur City Centre to the centre; and low density residential areas further north. The terminus stations for Kelana Jaya Line are Gombak (northern terminus) and Putra Heights (southern terminus) with the total number of stations is 37. Train frequency during peak hours is every 3 minutes.
LRT Ampang Line and LRT Sri Petaling Line are a combined line that comprises 45.1 kilometres of track with 36 stations. The Ampang line LRT begins at Ampang LRT station, while the Sri Petaling line LRT begins at Putra Height LRT station (interchange to LRT Kelana Jaya Line), and both lines converge at Chan Sow Lin LRT station. The merged line leads to the north, terminating at Sentul Timur LRT station. Train frequency during peak hours is every 6 minutes (from Ampang and Putra Height to Chan Sow Lin) and 3 minutes (from Chan Sow Lin to Sentul Timur).
The KL Monorail service is an urban monorail system in Kuala Lumpur with 8.6 km long and has 11 stations. The terminus stations for KL Monorail are KL Sentral and Titiwangsa, and it passes through major commercial areas in KL such as Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Chow Kit and Bukit Bintang. Train frequency during peak hours is every 5 minutes.
Express Rail Link Sdn Bhd (ERL)
- KLIA Ekspress
- KLIA Transit
KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit are commuter rail services that serve as the airport rail links to the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), as well as klia2. Both services share the same track that runs from KL Sentral to KLIA/klia. KLIA Transit stops at all stations along the line, whereas KLIA Ekspres runs an express, non-stop between KL Sentral and KLIA/klia2. There are six stations served by KLIA Transit and three stations for KLIA Ekspres. Train frequency during peak hours is every 15 minutes.
Intercity Services in Peninsular Malaysia
KTMB also provides railway services to connect main cities in Peninsular Malaysia. There are 2 services which are:
- Electric Train Service (ETS)
ETS is express train services that using electrified train set (Electric Multiple Unit). ETS also only operates at electrified double track network which is from Gemas, Negeri Sembilan to Padang Besar, Perlis. ETS Services will be extended to the south region once the Electrified Double Track Project From Gemas to Johor Bahru completed.
For single and non-electrified track network, KTMB has provide the Intercity Services that using Diesel Multiple Unit set train. This services cover from Gemas, Negeri Sembilan to Tumpat, Kelantan and from Gemas, Negeri Sembilan to Johor Bahru, Johor.
KTMB network is as below:
Railway Services in Sabah
The Sabah railway network is a single track with total distance of 134 KM and 15 stations. This line connects the capital city, Kota Kinabalu to the other area of Sabah. This network begins from Tg. Aru, passes through Beaufort, and ends at Tenom as the Terminus. This railway services are operated by Jabatan Keretapi Negeri Sabah.
Railway Modernization in Malaysia
The summary of railway modernization as follows:
- Construction of Double Track from Kuala Lumpur to Port Klang.
- 21 September 1991: Railway Act 1991 was tabled and approved by Parliament and Department of Railways was established as the regulator of railway system.
- 1 August 1992: KTM Berhad (KTMB) is corporatized under the Malaysian Railway Act 1991.
- 13 November 1992: Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan Sdn Bhd (STAR LRT) incorporated to implement Kuala Lumpur's first LRT project.
- KTMB bought their first electric train set from Jenbacher Transport System, Austria/Hungary. This 3 car set Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) known as EMU Class 81.
- 15 February 1994 - Projek Usahasama Transit Ringan Automatik (PUTRA LRT) was incorporated to implement the 2nd Malaysia LRT System. 2nd Malaysia LRT. (Known as LRT System 2).
- 3 August - The first KTM Komuter trains began taking passengers between Kuala Lumpur and Rawang. Free trips were offered until 11 August.
- 14 August - Commercial service KTM Komuter between Kuala Lumpur and Rawang. It was then extended to Salak Selatan on 29 September.
- KTMB introduced EMU Class 82 and 83 for Komuter services.
- EMU Class 82 built by Union Carriages & Wagons, (UCW) South Africa. Class 83 built by Hyundai/Marubeni/ROTEM, South Korea EMU.
- 16 December 1996: STAR LRT phase one between Ampang and Sultan Ismail stations begins operations.
- 25 August 1997: Malaysian government presented Express Rail Link Sdn Bhd (ERLSB) with a 30 year concession to finance, build, maintain and control the operations of the new rail link from KLIA to city centre.
- The construction of KL Monorail system by Hitachi Ltd begin but on December 1997, it was put on hold due to Asian Financial Crisis.
- 11 July 1998: STAR LRT branch line from Chan Sow Lin station to Sri Petaling station begins operations.
- Monorail Malaysia (MTrans) took over Kl Monorail project from Hitachi Ltd and re-start the construction work on July 1998.
- 1 September 1998 - Section 1 from Kelana Jaya to Pasar Seni Station commenced operation.
- 6 December 1998: STAR LRT from Sultan Ismail station to Sentul Timur station begins operations.
- Construction of Pelabuhan Tanjung Pelepas – Johor rail link.
- 1 June 1999 - Section 2 from Pasar Seni to Terminal Putra (currently known as Gombak station) commenced operation. The new section included Malaysia's first underground railway.
- ERL service commence operation to the public on 14 April 2002.
- 1 September 2002 - Putra LRT comes under management of Syarikat Prasarana Negara and renamed
Putraline under the first phase of the restructuring of Kuala Lumpur's public transport system. SPNB also takes over Star LRT and is renamed
- KTMB introduced the Class 26 locomotive built by General Electric.
- 31 August 2003, KL Monorail System Sdn Bhd (KLMS) as the License Operator of monorail system in Kuala Lumpur begin their operation.
- KTMB introduced Class 29 Locomotive built by Dalian Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co, China.
- 28 November 2007: PRASARANA took over KL Monorail system from KLMS.
- 8 January 2008: The construction of Electrified Double Track Project from Ipoh to Padang Besar started by MMC-Gamuda JV.
- 18 January 2008: The construction of Electrified Double Track Project from Seremban to Gemas started by IRCON.
- 30 December 2009: PRASARANA introduced 4-car LRT train into commercial services.
- 12 August 2010: KTMB introduced Electric Train Services (ETS) from KL to Ipoh using 5 units of Class 91 Hyundai/Rotem rolling stock.
- Malaysian government approved the MRT project on December 2010.
- November 2010: PRASARANA announced the LRT Kelana Jaya Line Extension Project to begin.
- 8 July 2011: The construction of MRT Project officially launched by YAB Prime Minister of Malaysia.
- 8 March 2012: KTMB introduced six car Set (SCS) train built by CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co Ltd, China into Komuter services.
- 38 units of SCS (Class 92) will be used to improve KTM Komuter services.
- ERL start service to KLIA2 on 2nd May 2014.
- Under the Kuala Lumpur Monorail Fleet Expansion Project (KLMFEP) Scomi Transit Projects Sdn Bhd (STP) agreed to supply 12 sets of four-car monorail by stages.
- 20 December 2014: The four-car monorail start service.
- 10 July 2015: Ipoh – Butterworth – Padang Besar was launched.
- 11 July 2015: Gemas – KL Sentral – Ipoh - Butterworth – Padang Besar was launched
- KTM ETS extended southwards from KL Sentral to Gemas.
- ETS service returning to Seremban after being discontinued in 2012.
- ETS train (Class 93) start operation for KTM services.
- 30 June 2016: LRT Kelana Jaya and Ampang extension line fully operate.
- Kelana Jaya line extend to 13 stations covering distance of 17 KM.
- Ampang/Sri Petaling line extend to 13 stations covering distance of 17.7 KM.
- Rapid Rail introduce new rolling stock for Kelana Jaya line and Ampang/Sri Petaling line.
- 13 Dec 2016: Bilateral agreement sign for the Malaysia – Singapore for High-Speed Rail project
- 16 Dec 2016: Phase 1 Opening of MRT Sungai Buloh – Kajang (between Sg Buloh Semantan)
- 8 March 2017: Official launching of public inspection of railway scheme for East Coast Rail Link (ECRL) by YAB Prime Minister of Malaysia
- July 2017: MRT line 1 fully operated from Sungai Buloh to Kajang.
- 30 July 2020: Signing of amendments to the Johor Bahru – Singapore Rapid Transit System Link (RTS Link) Bilateral Agreement which marked the resumption of Project.